Trading limits on brokerage accounts for beginners


When are deposits credited? When do trades, checks, bill payments, and check card purchases clear my core position?

How is interest calculated? Where can I see my balances online? What do the different account values mean? What is an interactive statement, and where can I see my interactive statement online?

How do I add or change the features offered on my account? How do I give someone else the right to view or transact in my account? How is my account protected? Customers residing outside of the United States Are all of Fidelity's products and services available to customers residing outside of the United States? Can I establish a relationship with Fidelity? What does that mean for me? You mention that I can no longer purchase mutual funds.

What about my dividend and capital gain reinvestments? Can I continue to reinvest shares through this program? Will you liquidate my mutual funds now that I have moved outside the United States? Open a Brokerage Account. Fidelity Learning Center Build your investment knowledge with this collection of training videos, articles, and expert opinions.

Please enter a valid ZIP code. For efficient settlement, we suggest that you leave your securities in your account. Brokerage regulations may require us to close out trades that are not settled promptly, and any losses that may occur are your responsibility. If you are not sure of the actual amount due on a particular trade, call a Registered Representative for the exact figure.

Saturdays, Sundays, and stock exchange holidays are not business days and therefore cannot be settlement days. Exchanges are sometimes open during bank holidays, and settlements typically are not made on those days. When you place a trade for all shares in a stock, we liquidate the fractional shares at the same execution price on the settlement date.

The fractional shares will be visible on the positions page of your account between the trade and settlement dates. We do not charge a commission for selling fractional shares. Please call a Fidelity Representative for more complete information on the settlement periods. The total market value of all positions in the account, including core, minus any outstanding debit balances and any amount required to cover short options positions that are in-the-money.

Account settlement position for trade activity and money movement. Executed buy orders and cash withdrawals will reduce the core, and executed sell orders and cash deposits will increase the core. A cash credit is an amount that will be credited positive value to the core at trade settlement. A cash debit is an amount that will be debited negative value to the core at trade settlement.

The total market value of all long cash account positions. This figure is reduced by the value of any in-the-money covered options and does not include cash in the core position. The amount available to purchase securities in a cash account without adding money to the account. Executed buy orders will reduce this value at the time the order is placed , and executed sell orders will increase this value at the time the order executes. Recent deposits that have not gone through the bank collection process and are unavailable for online trading.

The normal check and electronic funds transfer EFT collection period is 4 business days. The dollar amount allocated to pending orders that have not yet been executed e. The amount you have committed to open orders decreases your cash available to trade. The portion of your cash core balance that represents the amount of securities you can buy and sell in a cash account without creating a good faith violation.

This amount includes proceeds from transactions settling today minus unsettled buy transactions, short equity proceeds settling today, and the intraday exercisable value of options positions. Additionally, uncollected deposits may not be reflected in this balance until the deposit has gone through the bank collection process which is usually 4 business days.

Amount collected and available for immediate withdrawal. This balance includes both core and other Fidelity money market funds held in the account. This balance does not include deposits that have not cleared. Sell orders are reflected in this balance on settlement date and buy orders are reflected on trade date. Options that have intrinsic value. A call option is considered "in-the-money" if the price of the underlying security is higher than the strike price of the call. A put option is considered "in-the-money" if the price of the security is lower than the strike price.

Why do I have to fund my account at all? Why can't I just trade stocks, have the brokerage firm mail me a check for my profits or, if I lose money, I'll mail the firm a check for my losses? It is saying you should be able to trade solely on the firm's money without putting up any of your own funds. This type of activity is prohibited, as it would put your firm and indeed the U.

The money must be in the brokerage account because that is where the trading and risk is occurring. These funds are required to support the risks associated with day-trading activities. You can trade up to four times your maintenance margin excess as of the close of business of the previous day. You should contact your brokerage firm to obtain more information on whether it imposes more stringent margin requirements. If you exceed your day-trading buying power limitations, your brokerage firm will issue a day-trading margin call to you.

Until the margin call is met, your day-trading account will be restricted to day-trading buying power of only two times maintenance margin excess based on your daily total trading commitment. Day trading in a cash account is generally prohibited.

Day trades can occur in a cash account only to the extent the trades do not violate the free-riding prohibition of Federal Reserve Board's Regulation T.

In general, failing to pay for a security before you sell the security in a cash account violates the free-riding prohibition. If you free-ride, your broker is required to place a day freeze on the account. No, the rule applies to all day trades, whether you use leverage margin or not. For example, many options contracts require that you pay for the option in full. As such, there is no leverage used to purchase the options. Nonetheless, if you engage in numerous options transactions during the day you are still subject to intra-day risk.

You may not be able to realize the profit on the transaction that you had hoped for and may indeed incur substantial loss due to a pattern of day-trading options. Again, the day-trading margin rule is designed to require that funds be in the account where the trading and risk is occurring.

Can I withdraw funds that I use to meet the minimum equity requirement or day-trading margin call immediately after they are deposited? No, any funds used to meet the day-trading minimum equity requirement or to meet any day-trading margin calls must remain in your account for two business days following the close of business on any day when the deposit is required.

Frequently Asked Questions Why the change? When you place a market order, you can't control the price at which your order will be filled. Remember that your limit order may never be executed because the market price may quickly surpass your limit before your order can be filled. But by using a limit order you also protect yourself from buying the stock at too high a price. Online trading is not always instantaneous Investors may find that technological "choke points" can slow or prevent their orders from reaching an online firm.

For example, problems can occur where: A capacity problem or limitation at any of these choke points can cause a delay or failure in an investor's attempt to access an online firm's automated trading system. Know your options for placing a trade if you are unable to access your account online Most online trading firms offer alternatives for placing trades. These alternatives may include touch-tone telephone trades, faxing your order, or doing it the low-tech way--talking to a broker over the phone.

Make sure you know whether using these different options may increase your costs. And remember, if you experience delays getting online, you may experience similar delays when you turn to one of these alternatives. If you place an order, don't assume it didn't go through Some investors have mistakenly assumed that their orders have not been executed and place another order.

They end up either owning twice as much stock as they could afford or wanted, or with sell orders, selling stock they do not own. Talk with your firm about how you should handle a situation where you are unsure if your original order was executed. If you cancel an order, make sure the cancellation worked before placing another trade When you cancel an online trade, it is important to make sure that your original transaction was not executed.

Although you may receive an electronic receipt for the cancellation, don't assume that that means the trade was canceled. Orders can only be canceled if they have not been executed.

Ask your firm about how you should check to see if a cancellation order actually worked. If you purchase a security in a cash account, you must pay for it before you can sell it In a cash account, you must pay for the purchase of a stock before you sell it. If you buy and sell a stock before paying for it, you are freeriding , which violates the credit extension provisions of the Federal Reserve Board.